CHAPTER 4

Misconception Of Zakat And Distributive Justice In Islam: Case Study Of Zakat Institutions In Malaysia

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a multidimensional crisis in health, economic, social, and lifestyle due to the pandemic. Many people endured hardships and struggled to make ends meet. As an Islamic social fund, zakat plays a role in mitigating this problem by assisting communities affected by it. This study investigates the role of zakah and addresses the issues related to zakat misconceptions and management by demonstrating the importance of zakat through various evidence undertaken by zakat
institutions during the pandemic. This study adopts a qualitative research method using secondary data and analytical approaches to achieve its objectives. Zakat distribution programmes conducted by all zakat institutions in Malaysia for zakat beneficiaries affected by Covid-19 have been one of the study’s most important findings. This highlights the viability of zakat objectives as one of Islam’s distributive justice mechanisms in assisting and alleviating the burden imposed on society,
particularly those in the asnaf categories due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The study is limited to the focus on the zakat mechanism in the context of distribution justice from the Islamic perspective.

Keyword:

Zakah, Viability, Misconception, Covid-19

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Writer

Siti Saffa’

International Islamic University, Malaysia

Syed Marwan

International Islamic University, Malaysia

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